Order: Galliformes

Landfowl: Grouse, quail, pheasants, francolins, guineafowl, moundbuilders

Family: Phasianidae

Pheasants & Allies

Red-legged Partridge

Alectoris rufa
Alectoris
Farmyard fowl, chicken (Greek)
rufa
Red, ruddy, rufous (Latin)

Grey Partridge

Perdix perdix
Perdix
From specific name for Grey Partridge (Linnaeus)
perdix
Partridge (Latin)

Quail (Common Quail)

Coturnix coturnix
Coturnix
From specific name for Common Quail (Linnaeus)
coturnix
Quail (Latin)

Pheasant (Common Pheasant)

Phasianus colchicus
Phasianus
Pheasant (Latin)
colchicus
From Colchis on the eastern shores of the Black Sea (Latin)

Golden Pheasant

Chrysolophus pictus
Chrysolophus
With a golden crest (Greek)
pictus
Painted (Latin)

Order: Anseriformes

Waterfowl: Ducks, geese, swans, screamers

Family: Anatidae

Ducks, Geese, Swans

Brent Goose (Brant Goose)

Branta bernicla
Branta
Type of goose (Latin)
bernicla
Barnacle (Latin)

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis
Branta
Type of goose (Latin)
canadensis
Canada (Toponym)

Barnacle Goose

Branta leucopsis
Branta
Type of goose (Latin)
leucopsis
White-faced (Greek)

Snow Goose

Anser caerulescens
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
caerulescens
Bluish (Latin)

Greylag Goose

Anser anser
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
anser
Goose (Latin)

Taiga Bean Goose

Anser fabalis
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
fabalis
Of beans (broad bean) (Latin)

Pink-footed Goose

Anser brachyrhynchus
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
brachyrhynchus
Short bill (Greek)

Tundra Bean Goose

Anser serrirostris
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
serrirostris
Saw-billed (Latin)

White-fronted Goose (Greater White-fronted Goose)

Anser albifrons
Anser
From specific name for Greylag Goose (Linnaeus)
albifrons
White forehead or front (Latin)

Mute Swan

Cygnus olor
Cygnus
From specific name for Whooper swan (Linnaeus)
olor
Swan (Latin)

Bewick's Swan (Tundra Swan)

Cygnus columbianus
Cygnus
From specific name for Whooper swan (Linnaeus)
columbianus
From Colombia (Toponym)

Whooper Swan

Cygnus cygnus
Cygnus
From specific name for Whooper swan (Linnaeus)
cygnus
Swan (Latin)

Egyptian Goose

Alopochen aegyptiaca
Alopochen
Fox-like goose (Greek)
aegyptiaca
Egyptian (Latin)

Shelduck (Common Shelduck)

Tadorna tadorna
Tadorna
From specific name for Common Shelduck (Linnaeus)
tadorna
Common duck (French)

Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna ferruginea
Tadorna
From specific name for Common Shelduck (Linnaeus)
ferruginea
Rusty-coloured, ferruginous (Latin)

Garganey

Spatula querquedula
Spatula
Spoon, spatula (Latin)
querquedula
Duck mentioned by Varro, possibly onomatopoeic (Onomatopoeic)

Blue-winged Teal

Spatula discors
Spatula
Spoon, spatula (Latin)
discors
Different, at variance (Latin)

Shoveler (Northern Shoveler)

Spatula clypeata
Spatula
Spoon, spatula (Latin)
clypeata
Shield-bearing (Latin)

Gadwall

Mareca strepera
Mareca
Small types of duck (Brazilian Portuguese)
strepera
Noisy (Latin)

Wigeon (Eurasian Wigeon)

Mareca penelope
Mareca
Small types of duck (Brazilian Portuguese)
penelope
Duck with purple stripes said to have rescued Penelope (Greek)

American Wigeon

Mareca americana
Mareca
Small types of duck (Brazilian Portuguese)
americana
America (Toponym)

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos
Anas
Duck (Latin)
platyrhynchos
Broad-billed, broad-beaked (Latin)

Pintail (Northern Pintail)

Anas acuta
Anas
Duck (Latin)
acuta
Sharp-pointed tail (Latin)

Teal (Eurasian Teal)

Anas crecca
Anas
Duck (Latin)
crecca
Teal (Kricka) (Swedish)

Green-winged Teal

Anas carolinensis
Anas
Duck (Latin)
carolinensis
Carolina or the Caroline Colonies (Toponym)

Red-crested Pochard

Netta rufina
Netta
Duck (Greek)
rufina
Golden, golden red (Latin)

Pochard (Common Pochard)

Aythya ferina
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
ferina
Wild, game (Latin)

Ferruginous Duck

Aythya nyroca
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
nyroca
Name for a duck (Russian)

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
collaris
Of the neck (Latin)

Tufted Duck

Aythya fuligula
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
fuligula
Soot throat (Latin)

Scaup (Greater Scaup)

Aythya marila
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
marila
Charcoal embers, coal dust (Greek)

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis
Aythya
Unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius (Greek)
affinis
Related, allied (Latin)

Eider (Common Eider)

Somateria mollissima
Somateria
Body wool (Greek)
mollissima
Very soft (Latin)

Velvet Scoter

Melanitta fusca
Melanitta
Black duck (Greek)
fusca
Dusky, black, brown (Latin)

Common Scoter

Melanitta nigra
Melanitta
Black duck (Greek)
nigra
Black, dark-coloured, shining black (Latin)

Long-tailed Duck

Clangula hyemalis
Clangula
To resound (Latin)
hyemalis
Of winter (Latin)

Goldeneye (Common Goldeneye)

Bucephala clangula
Bucephala
From specific name for Bufflehead (Linnaeus)
clangula
Diminuitive from to resound (Latin)

Smew

Mergellus albellus
Mergellus
From genus Mergus (Linnaeus)
albellus
Diminuitive of white (Latin)

Goosander (Common Merganser)

Mergus merganser
Mergus
Unidentified type of waterbird (Latin)
merganser
Waterbird goose (Latin)

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator
Mergus
Unidentified type of waterbird (Latin)
serrator
Sawyer (Latin)

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis
Oxyura
Sharp or pointed tail (Greek)
jamaicensis
From Jamaica (Toponym)

Order: Caprimulgiformes

Nightjars, frogmouths, potoos, oilbirds

Family: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars

Nightjar (European Nightjar)

Caprimulgus europaeus
Caprimulgus
Goat milker (Latin)
europaeus
European (Toponym)

Order: Apodiformes

Owlet-nightjars, treeswifts, swifts, hummingbirds

Family: Apodidae

Swifts

Alpine Swift

Tachymarptis melba
Tachymarptis
Fast seizer (Greek)
melba
Possibly from a Chinese word or place (Unknown)

Swift (Common Swift)

Apus apus
Apus
From specific name for Common Swift (Linnaeus)
apus
Swift, type of swallow said to have no feet (from Greek without feet) (Latin)

Order: Otidiformes

Bustards

Family: Otididae

Bustards

Great Bustard

Otis tarda
Otis
Bustard with ear-feathers (probably the Great Bustard) (Greek)
tarda
Great bustard (Hispanic)

Order: Cuculiformes

Cuckoos

Family: Cuculidae

Cuckoos

Cuckoo (Common Cuckoo)

Cuculus canorus
Cuculus
Cuckoo (Latin)
canorus
Melodious (Latin)

Order: Pterocliformes

Sandgrouse

Family: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse

Pallas's Sandgrouse

Syrrhaptes paradoxus
Syrrhaptes
Sewn together (Greek)
paradoxus
Strange, extraordinary (Greek)

Order: Columbiformes

Pigeons

Family: Columbidae

Pigeons, Doves

Stock Dove

Columba oenas
Columba
Pigeon, dove (Latin)
oenas
Pigeon (Greek)

Woodpigeon (Common Wood Pigeon)

Columba palumbus
Columba
Pigeon, dove (Latin)
palumbus
Woodpigeon (Latin)

Turtle Dove (European Turtle Dove)

Streptopelia turtur
Streptopelia
Collar or neck-chain dove (Greek)
turtur
Turtle dove (Latin)

Collared Dove (Eurasian Collared Dove)

Streptopelia decaocto
Streptopelia
Collar or neck-chain dove (Greek)
decaocto
Eighteen (Latin)

Order: Gruiformes

Diverse terrestrial and marshbirds: rails and allies, flufftails, finfoots, cranes, limpkin, and trumpeters

Family: Rallidae

Rails, Crakes, Coots

Water Rail

Rallus aquaticus
Rallus
From several possible sources relating to Water Rail (Unknown)
aquaticus
Aquatic, water-living (Latin)

Corncrake (Corn Crake)

Crex crex
Crex
From specific name for Corncrake (Linnaeus)
crex
Long-legged bird mentioned in Greek literature, possibly the Corncrake (Greek)

Spotted Crake

Porzana porzana
Porzana
Local name for small crake (Venetian)
porzana
Local name for small crake (Venetian)

Moorhen (Common Moorhen)

Gallinula chloropus
Gallinula
Little hen, chicken (Latin)
chloropus
Green foot (Greek)

Coot (Eurasian Coot)

Fulica atra
Fulica
Coot (Latin)
atra
Black, dark, dull black (Latin)

Baillon's Crake

Zapornia pusilla
Zapornia
Anagram of genus Porzana (Anagram)
pusilla
Tiny (Latin)

Little Crake

Zapornia parva
Zapornia
Anagram of genus Porzana (Anagram)
parva
Small (Latin)

Family: Gruidae

Cranes

Crane (Common Crane)

Grus grus
Grus
From specific name for Common Crane (Linnaeus)
grus
Crane (Latin)

Order: Podicipediformes

Grebes

Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis
Tachybaptus
To sink under fast (Greek)
ruficollis
Red- or ruddy-necked (Latin)

Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena
Podiceps
Vent foot (Latin)
grisegena
Grey cheek (Latin)

Great Crested Grebe

Podiceps cristatus
Podiceps
Vent foot (Latin)
cristatus
Crested, plumed (Latin)

Slavonian Grebe (Horned Grebe)

Podiceps auritus
Podiceps
Vent foot (Latin)
auritus
Long-eared (Latin)

Black-necked Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis
Podiceps
Vent foot (Latin)
nigricollis
Black-necked (Latin)

Order: Charadriiformes

Shorebirds and relatives: sandpipers, plovers, phalaropes, stilts, jacanas, painted snipes, pratincoles, gulls and terns, seedsnipes, sheathbills, skimmers, skuas, auks

Family: Haematopodidae

Oystercatchers

Oystercatcher (Eurasian Oystercatcher)

Haematopus ostralegus
Haematopus
Blood foot (Latin)
ostralegus
Oyster gatherer (Latin)

Family: Recurvirostridae

Stilts, Avocets

Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himantopus
Himantopus
From specific name for Black-winged Stilt (Linnaeus)
himantopus
Wading bird now generally identified as the Black-winged Stilt (Latin)

Avocet (Pied Avocet)

Recurvirostra avosetta
Recurvirostra
Bent or curved backwards bill (Latin)
avosetta
Venetian name for Pied Avocet (Venetian)

Family: Charadriidae

Plovers

Lapwing (Northern Lapwing)

Vanellus vanellus
Vanellus
From specific name for Northern Lapwing (Linnaeus)
vanellus
Diminuitive of winnowing-fan (Latin)

Sociable Plover (Sociable Lapwing)

Vanellus gregarius
Vanellus
From specific name for Northern Lapwing (Linnaeus)
gregarius
Sociable (Latin)

Golden Plover (European Golden Plover)

Pluvialis apricaria
Pluvialis
From specific name for Eurasian Golden Plover (Linnaeus)
apricaria
To bask in the sun (Latin)

Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola
Pluvialis
From specific name for Eurasian Golden Plover (Linnaeus)
squatarola
Local name for a type of plover (Venetian)

Ringed Plover (Common Ringed Plover)

Charadrius hiaticula
Charadrius
Yellowish bird mentioned in 4th Century Vulgate Bible (Latin)
hiaticula
Cleft-dweller (Latin)

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius
Charadrius
Yellowish bird mentioned in 4th Century Vulgate Bible (Latin)
dubius
Doubtful, dubious (Latin)

Kentish Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus
Charadrius
Yellowish bird mentioned in 4th Century Vulgate Bible (Latin)
alexandrinus
From Alexandria, Egypt (Toponym)

Dotterel (Eurasian Dotterel)

Charadrius morinellus
Charadrius
Yellowish bird mentioned in 4th Century Vulgate Bible (Latin)
morinellus
Diminuitive of foolish (Greek)

Family: Scolopacidae

Sandpipers, Snipes

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus
Numenius
Bird mentioned by Hesychius, probably the Curlew with its crescent-shaped bill (derived from new moon). (Greek)
phaeopus
Whimbrel (from Greek brown foot) (Latin)

Curlew (Eurasian Curlew)

Numenius arquata
Numenius
Bird mentioned by Hesychius, probably the Curlew with its crescent-shaped bill (derived from new moon). (Greek)
arquata
Curlew (from bow-shaped) (Latin)

Bar-tailed Godwit

Limosa lapponica
Limosa
From specific name for Black-tailed Godwit (Linnaeus)
lapponica
Lapland (Toponym)

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa
Limosa
From specific name for Black-tailed Godwit (Linnaeus)
limosa
Muddy (Latin)

Turnstone (Ruddy Turnstone)

Arenaria interpres
Arenaria
Relating to sand (Latin)
interpres
Messenger (Latin)

Knot (Red Knot)

Calidris canutus
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
canutus
King Canute, who is said to have considered the Red Knot as a delicacy (Eponym)

Ruff

Calidris pugnax
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
pugnax
Fond of fighting (Latin)

Broad-billed Sandpiper

Calidris falcinellus
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
falcinellus
Glossy Ibis (Italian)

Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
ferruginea
Rusty-coloured, ferruginous (Latin)

Temminck's Stint

Calidris temminckii
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
temminckii
Coenraad Temminck, Dutch 19th Century ornithologist (Eponym)

Sanderling

Calidris alba
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
alba
White, dull white (Latin)

Dunlin

Calidris alpina
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
alpina
Alpine, of high mountains (Latin)

Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
maritima
Maritime, of the sea (Latin)

Little Stint

Calidris minuta
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
minuta
Small (Latin)

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
minutilla
Very small (Latin)

Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos
Calidris
From specific name for Red Knot (Gmelin)
melanotos
Black-backed (Greek)

Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus
Limnodromus
March-runner (Greek)
scolopaceus
Snipe, woodcock (Latin)

Woodcock (Eurasian Woodcock)

Scolopax rusticola
Scolopax
Snipe, woodcock (Latin)
rusticola
Gamebird mentioned by Pliny, possibly a grouse (Latin)

Jack Snipe

Lymnocryptes minimus
Lymnocryptes
Marsh hidden (Greek)
minimus
Smallest (Latin)

Great Snipe

Gallinago media
Gallinago
From specific name for Common Snipe (Linnaeus)
media
Intermediate (Latin)

Snipe (Common Snipe)

Gallinago gallinago
Gallinago
From specific name for Common Snipe (Linnaeus)
gallinago
Woodcock, snipe (Latin)

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus
Phalaropus
Coot foot (Greek)
lobatus
Lobed (Latin)

Grey Phalarope (Red Phalarope)

Phalaropus fulicarius
Phalaropus
Coot foot (Greek)
fulicarius
Coot (Latin)

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos
Actitis
Coast dweller (Greek)
hypoleucos
Beneath white (Greek)

Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius
Actitis
Coast dweller (Greek)
macularius
Spot (Latin)

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
ochropus
Pale yellow foot (Greek)

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
solitaria
Solitary (Latin)

Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
flavipes
Yellow foot (Latin)

Redshank (Common Redshank)

Tringa totanus
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
totanus
Common Redshank (Italian)

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
stagnatilis
Belonging to pools or ponds (Latin)

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
glareola
Diminuitive of gravel (Latin)

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
erythropus
Red-footed (Greek)

Greenshank (Common Greenshank)

Tringa nebularia
Tringa
Name given to the Green Sandpiper (Aldrovandus)
nebularia
Mist (Latin)

Family: Laridae

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers

Kittiwake (Black-legged Kittiwake)

Rissa tridactyla
Rissa
From specific name for Black-legged Kittiwake (Brunnich)
tridactyla
Three-toed (Greek)

Sabine's Gull

Xema sabini
Xema
Name given to Sabine's Gull (Leach)
sabini
Joseph Sabine and Sir Edward Sabine, 19th Century scientists (Eponym)

Bonaparte's Gull

Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Chroicocephalus
Coloured or stained head (Greek)
philadelphia
Philadelphia (Toponym)

Black-headed Gull

Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Chroicocephalus
Coloured or stained head (Greek)
ridibundus
Laughing (Latin)

Little Gull

Hydrocoloeus minutus
Hydrocoloeus
Water web-footed bord (perhaps a Cormorant) (Greek)
minutus
Small (Latin)

Laughing Gull

Leucophaeus atricilla
Leucophaeus
Whitish-grey, ash coloured (Greek)
atricilla
Black tail (Latin)

Franklin's Gull

Leucophaeus pipixcan
Leucophaeus
Whitish-grey, ash coloured (Greek)
pipixcan
Native name for a gull (Mexican Indian)

Mediterranean Gull

Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Ichthyaetus
From specific name for Great Black-headed Gull (Pallas)
melanocephalus
Black-headed (Greek)

Common Gull (Mew Gull)

Larus canus
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
canus
Grey (Latin)

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
delawarensis
Delaware River (Toponym)

Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
marinus
Marine (Latin)

Glaucous Gull

Larus hyperboreus
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
hyperboreus
Northern (Latin)

Iceland Gull

Larus glaucoides
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
glaucoides
From specific name for Glaucous Gull (Brunnich)

Herring Gull (European Herring Gull)

Larus argentatus
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
argentatus
Ornamented with silver (Latin)

Caspian Gull

Larus cachinnans
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
cachinnans
Laughing (Latin)

Yellow-legged Gull

Larus michahellis
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
michahellis
Misspelling of specific name for Yellow-legged Gull (Misspelling)

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus
Larus
Rapacious seabird, probably a gull (Latin)
fuscus
Brown, dusky (Latin)

Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne caspia
Hydroprogne
Water swallow (Greek)
caspia
Of the Caspian Sea (Toponym)

Sandwich Tern

Thalasseus sandvicensis
Thalasseus
Fisherman (Greek)
sandvicensis
Various geographical locations named Sandwich, includind Sandwich in Kent and the Sandwich Islands, now Hawaii. (Toponym)

Little Tern

Sternula albifrons
Sternula
From genus Sterna (Linnaeus)
albifrons
White forehead or front (Latin)

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo
Sterna
Black Tern (Old English)
hirundo
Swallow (Latin)

Arctic Tern

Sterna paradisaea
Sterna
Black Tern (Old English)
paradisaea
Paradise (Latin)

White-winged Black Tern (White-winged Tern)

Chlidonias leucopterus
Chlidonias
Swallow-like (Greek)
leucopterus
White-winged (Greek)

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger
Chlidonias
Swallow-like (Greek)
niger
Black, dark-coloured, shining black (Latin)

Family: Stercorariidae

Skuas

Great Skua

Stercorarius skua
Stercorarius
Relating to dung (Latin)
skua
Great Skua (Old Norse)

Pomarine Skua (Pomarine Jaeger)

Stercorarius pomarinus
Stercorarius
Relating to dung (Latin)
pomarinus
Cover nostrils (Greek)

Arctic Skua (Parasitic Jaeger)

Stercorarius parasiticus
Stercorarius
Relating to dung (Latin)
parasiticus
Parasitic (Latin)

Long-tailed Skua (Long-tailed Jaeger)

Stercorarius longicaudus
Stercorarius
Relating to dung (Latin)
longicaudus
Long tail (Latin)

Family: Alcidae

Auks

Little Auk

Alle alle
Alle
From specific name for Little Auk (Linnaeus)
alle
Lomg-tailed Duck (Lapp)

Razorbill

Alca torda
Alca
Razorbill (Norwegian)
torda
From Gotland dialect name for Razorbill (Gotland)

Puffin (Atlantic Puffin)

Fratercula arctica
Fratercula
Friar (Latin)
arctica
Northern arctic (Toponym)

Order: Gaviiformes

Loons

Family: Gaviidae

Loons

Red-throated Diver (Red-throated Loon)

Gavia stellata
Gavia
Unidentified seabird, perhaps some sort of gull (Latin)
stellata
Starry, starred, set with stars (Latin)

Black-throated Diver (Black-throated Loon)

Gavia arctica
Gavia
Unidentified seabird, perhaps some sort of gull (Latin)
arctica
Northern arctic (Toponym)

Great Northern Diver (Common Loon)

Gavia immer
Gavia
Unidentified seabird, perhaps some sort of gull (Latin)
immer
Great Northern Diver (Norwegian)

Order: Procellariiformes

Tube-nosed seabirds: petrels, shearwaters, albatrosses, storm petrels, diving petrels

Family: Hydrobatidae

Northern Storm Petrels

Storm Petrel (European Storm Petrel)

Hydrobates pelagicus
Hydrobates
Water-walker (Greek)
pelagicus
Marine, pelagic (Latin)

Leach's Petrel (Leach's Storm Petrel)

Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Oceanodroma
Ocean-runner (Greek)
leucorhoa
White rump (Greek)

Family: Procellariidae

Petrels, Shearwaters, Diving Petrels

Fulmar (Northern Fulmar)

Fulmarus glacialis
Fulmarus
Northern Fulmar (Old Norse)
glacialis
Icy (Latin)

Manx Shearwater

Puffinus puffinus
Puffinus
Based on Puffin of the Isle Of Man (Willughby)
puffinus
From genus of shearwater (Manx)

Order: Ciconiiformes

Storks

Family: Ciconiidae

Storks

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra
Ciconia
From specific name for White Stork (Linnaeus)
nigra
Black, dark-coloured, shining black (Latin)

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia
Ciconia
From specific name for White Stork (Linnaeus)
ciconia
Stork (Latin)

Order: Suliformes

Totipalmate water and diving birds: frigatebirds, cormorants, anhingas, and boobies

Family: Sulidae

Gannets, Boobies

Gannet (Northern Gannet)

Morus bassanus
Morus
Silly, foolish (Greek)
bassanus
Bass Rock (Toponym)

Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Cormorants, Shags

Cormorant (Great Cormorant)

Phalacrocorax carbo
Phalacrocorax
Cormorant (from Greek bald-headed raven) (Latin)
carbo
Charcoal (Latin)

Shag (European Shag)

Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Phalacrocorax
Cormorant (from Greek bald-headed raven) (Latin)
aristotelis
Aristotle (Eponym)

Order: Pelecaniformes

Ibis, herons, pelicans, hammerkop, shoebill

Family: Threskiornithidae

Ibises, Spoonbills

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus
Plegadis
Sickle (Greek)
falcinellus
Glossy Ibis (Italian)

Spoonbill (Eurasian Spoonbill)

Platalea leucorodia
Platalea
Spoonbill (Latin)
leucorodia
Spoonbill (white heron) (Greek)

Family: Ardeidae

Herons, Bitterns

Bittern (Eurasian Bittern)

Botaurus stellaris
Botaurus
Bittern (Latin)
stellaris
Starred (Latin)

Little Bittern

Ixobrychus minutus
Ixobrychus
Reed-like plant bellower (Greek)
minutus
Small (Latin)

Squacco Heron

Ardeola ralloides
Ardeola
Little heron (Latin)
ralloides
From genus for Rail (Linnaeus)

Cattle Egret (Western Cattle Egret)

Bubulcus ibis
Bubulcus
From specific name for Cattle Egret (Audouin)
ibis
Ibis (Latin)

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea
Ardea
Heron (Latin)
cinerea
Ash-grey, ash-coloured (Latin)

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea
Ardea
Heron (Latin)
purpurea
Purple-coloured (Latin)

Great White Egret (Great Egret)

Ardea alba
Ardea
Heron (Latin)
alba
White, dull white (Latin)

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta
Egretta
Egret (French)
garzetta
Name for the Little Egret (Italian)

Order: Accipitriformes

Raptors including New World Vultures

Family: Pandionidae

Ospreys

Osprey (Western Osprey)

Pandion haliaetus
Pandion
King of Athens in Greek mythology (Greek)
haliaetus
Osprey, sea-eagle (Greek)

Family: Accipitridae

Kites, Hawks, Eagles

Sparrowhawk (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)

Accipiter nisus
Accipiter
Hawk (Latin)
nisus
Sparrowhawk (Latin)

Goshawk (Northern Goshawk)

Accipiter gentilis
Accipiter
Hawk (Latin)
gentilis
Noble, gentle (Latin)

Marsh Harrier (Western Marsh Harrier)

Circus aeruginosus
Circus
Circle (Greek)
aeruginosus
Rusty (from copper rust) (Latin)

Hen Harrier

Circus cyaneus
Circus
Circle (Greek)
cyaneus
Dark-blue, sea-blue (Latin)

Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus
Circus
Circle (Greek)
pygargus
Hen Harrier (from Greek white-rumped) (Latin)

Red Kite

Milvus milvus
Milvus
From specific name for Red Kite (Linnaeus)
milvus
Kite (Latin)

Black Kite

Milvus migrans
Milvus
From specific name for Red Kite (Linnaeus)
migrans
Migrating (Latin)

White-tailed Eagle

Haliaeetus albicilla
Haliaeetus
Sea eagle (Latin)
albicilla
White-tailed (Latin)

Rough-legged Buzzard

Buteo lagopus
Buteo
From specific name for Common Buzzard (Linnaeus)
lagopus
Hare foot (Greek)

Buzzard (Common Buzzard)

Buteo buteo
Buteo
From specific name for Common Buzzard (Linnaeus)
buteo
Buzzard (Latin)

Order: Strigiformes

Owls

Family: Tytonidae

Barn Owls

Barn Owl (Western Barn Owl)

Tyto alba
Tyto
Night owl (Greek)
alba
White, dull white (Latin)

Family: Strigidae

Owls

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco
Strix
Owl (Latin)
aluco
From names for Tawny Owl (Italian)

Little Owl

Athene noctua
Athene
Goddess of wisdom, war and the liberal arts (Greek)
noctua
Owl sacred to the goddess Minerva (Latin)

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus
Asio
From specific name for Long-eared Owl (Brisson)
otus
Eared owl (Latin)

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus
Asio
From specific name for Long-eared Owl (Brisson)
flammeus
Fiery, flaming, flame-coloured (Latin)

Order: Bucerotiformes

Hornbills, hoopoes, wood hoopoes

Family: Upupidae

Hoopoes

Hoopoe (Eurasian Hoopoe)

Upupa epops
Upupa
Hoopoe (Latin)
epops
Hoopoe (Greek)

Order: Coraciiformes

Kingfishers and allies: rollers, todies, motmots, bee-eaters

Family: Coraciidae

Rollers

Roller (European Roller)

Coracias garrulus
Coracias
Type of crow or daw, possibly a chough (Greek)
garrulus
Chattering, babbling, noisy (Latin)

Family: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers

Kingfisher (Common Kingfisher)

Alcedo atthis
Alcedo
Kingfisher (Latin)
atthis
Mythological handsome richly-dressed Indian youth (Greek)

Family: Meropidae

Bee-eaters

Bee-eater (European Bee-eater)

Merops apiaster
Merops
Bee-eater (Greek)
apiaster
Bee-eater (Latin)

Order: Piciformes

Woodpeckers and allies

Family: Picidae

Woodpeckers

Wryneck (Eurasian Wryneck)

Jynx torquilla
Jynx
Wryneck (Greek)
torquilla
Diminuitive from to twist (Latin)

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker

Dryobates minor
Dryobates
Woodland walker (Greek)
minor
Smaller (Latin)

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major
Dendrocopos
Tree striking (Greek)
major
Greater (Latin)

Green Woodpecker (European Green Woodpecker)

Picus viridis
Picus
Woodpecker (Latin)
viridis
Green (Latin)

Order: Falconiformes

Falcons

Family: Falconidae

Caracaras, Falcons

Kestrel (Common Kestrel)

Falco tinnunculus
Falco
Falcon (from sickle) (Latin)
tinnunculus
Kestrel (from shrill-sounding) (Latin)

Red-footed Falcon

Falco vespertinus
Falco
Falcon (from sickle) (Latin)
vespertinus
Of the evening, of twilight (Latin)

Merlin

Falco columbarius
Falco
Falcon (from sickle) (Latin)
columbarius
Pertasining to doves (Latin)

Hobby (Eurasian Hobby)

Falco subbuteo
Falco
Falcon (from sickle) (Latin)
subbuteo
Near to a buzzard (Latin)

Peregrine (Peregrine Falcon)

Falco peregrinus
Falco
Falcon (from sickle) (Latin)
peregrinus
Peregrine (from wanderer) (Latin)

Order: Psittaciformes

Parrots

Family: Psittaculidae

Old World Parrots

Ring-necked Parakeet (Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Psittacula krameri
Psittacula
Little parrot (Latin)
krameri
Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer, 18th Century Austrian naturalist (Eponym)

Order: Passeriformes

Perching birds

Family: Laniidae

Shrikes

Red-backed Shrike

Lanius collurio
Lanius
Butcher (Latin)
collurio
Bird mentioned by Aristotle and Hesychius, possibly a Shrike or Fieldfare (Greek)

Great Grey Shrike

Lanius excubitor
Lanius
Butcher (Latin)
excubitor
Sentinel (Latin)

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator
Lanius
Butcher (Latin)
senator
Senator (Latin)

Family: Oriolidae

Figbirds, Orioles, Piopios

Golden Oriole (Eurasian Golden Oriole)

Oriolus oriolus
Oriolus
From specific name for European Golden Oriole (Linnaeus)
oriolus
Golden oriole (Latin)

Family: Corvidae

Crows, Jays

Jay (Eurasian Jay)

Garrulus glandarius
Garrulus
Chattering, babbling, noisy (Latin)
glandarius
Of acorns (Latin)

Magpie (Eurasian Magpie)

Pica pica
Pica
From specific name for Common Magpie (Linnaeus)
pica
Magpie (Latin)

Nutcracker (Spotted Nutcracker)

Nucifraga caryocatactes
Nucifraga
Name given to Spotted Nutcracker as a translation from German for nut-breaker (Latin)
caryocatactes
Nut-shatterer (Greek)

Jackdaw (Western Jackdaw)

Coloeus monedula
Coloeus
Jackdaw (Greek)
monedula
Jackdaw (from money-eater) (Latin)

Rook

Corvus frugilegus
Corvus
Raven (Latin)
frugilegus
Crop-picking (Latin)

Carrion Crow

Corvus corone
Corvus
Raven (Latin)
corone
Crow (Greek)

Hooded Crow

Corvus cornix
Corvus
Raven (Latin)
cornix
Crow (Latin)

Raven (Northern Raven)

Corvus corax
Corvus
Raven (Latin)
corax
Raven (from to croak) (Greek)

Family: Bombycillidae

Waxwings

Waxwing (Bohemian Waxwing)

Bombycilla garrulus
Bombycilla
Silk tail (G/L)
garrulus
Chattering, babbling, noisy (Latin)

Family: Paridae

Tits, Chickadees

Coal Tit

Periparus ater
Periparus
Very like the tit genus Parus (Greek)
ater
Black, dark, dull black (Latin)

Marsh Tit

Poecile palustris
Poecile
Unknown small bird (Greek)
palustris
Marshy (Latin)

Willow Tit

Poecile montanus
Poecile
Unknown small bird (Greek)
montanus
Of the mountains (Latin)

Blue Tit (Eurasian Blue Tit)

Cyanistes caeruleus
Cyanistes
Dark blue (Greek)
caeruleus
Dark blue, cerulean (Latin)

Great Tit

Parus major
Parus
Tit (Latin)
major
Greater (Latin)

Family: Panuridae

Bearded Reedling

Bearded Tit (Bearded Reedling)

Panurus biarmicus
Panurus
Exceedingly tailed (Greek)
biarmicus
Possibly related to bearded (Uncertain)

Family: Alaudidae

Larks

Woodlark

Lullula arborea
Lullula
Based on French onomatopoeic name for Wood Lark (French)
arborea
Arboreal, of a tree (Latin)

Skylark (Eurasian Skylark)

Alauda arvensis
Alauda
Lark (from great songstress) (Latin)
arvensis
Of the field (Latin)

Short-toed Lark (Greater Short-toed Lark)

Calandrella brachydactyla
Calandrella
Diminuitive of Calendra Lark (Greek)
brachydactyla
Short-toed (Greek)

Family: Hirundinidae

Swallows, Martins

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia
Riparia
From specific name for Sand martin (Linnaeus)
riparia
riverbank-nesting (Latin)

Swallow (Barn Swallow)

Hirundo rustica
Hirundo
Swallow (Latin)
rustica
Rural, rustic, plain, simple (Latin)

House Martin (Common House Martin)

Delichon urbicum
Delichon
Anagram of genus Chelidon (martin) (Anagram)
urbicum
Urban, frequenting towns (Latin)

Red-rumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica
Cecropis
Athenian woman (Greek)
daurica
Dauria, south-eastern Siberia (Toponym)

Family: Cettiidae

Cettia Bush Warblers & Allies

Cetti's Warbler

Cettia cetti
Cettia
From specific name for Cetti's Warbler (Temminck)
cetti
Father Francesco Cetti, 18th Century Italian mathematician and zoologist (Eponym)

Family: Aegithalidae

Bushtits

Long-tailed Tit

Aegithalos caudatus
Aegithalos
Tit (Greek)
caudatus
Having a tail (Latin)

Family: Phylloscopidae

Leaf Warblers & Allies

Wood Warbler

Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Phylloscopus
Leaf seeker (Greek)
sibilatrix
Whistler (Latin)

Yellow-browed Warbler

Phylloscopus inornatus
Phylloscopus
Leaf seeker (Greek)
inornatus
Plain, unadorned (Latin)

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus
Phylloscopus
Leaf seeker (Greek)
trochilus
Wren (Greek)

Chiffchaff (Common Chiffchaff)

Phylloscopus collybita
Phylloscopus
Leaf seeker (Greek)
collybita
Money-changer (Latin)

Eastern Crowned Warbler

Phylloscopus coronatus
Phylloscopus
Leaf seeker (Greek)
coronatus
Crowned (Latin)

Family: Acrocephalidae

Reed Warblers, Grauer's Warbler & Allies

Great Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
arundinaceus
Reed-like (Latin)

Aquatic Warbler

Acrocephalus paludicola
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
paludicola
Marsh-dweller (Latin)

Sedge Warbler

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
schoenobaenus
Reed-treader (Greek)

Paddyfield Warbler

Acrocephalus agricola
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
agricola
Farmer, tiller of the fields (Latin)

Reed Warbler (Eurasian Reed Warbler)

Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
scirpaceus
Rush, reed (Latin)

Marsh Warbler

Acrocephalus palustris
Acrocephalus
Topmost or highest head (Greek)
palustris
Marshy (Latin)

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta
Hippolais
From specific name for Icterine Warbler (Linnaeus)
polyglotta
Loud-voiced, harmonius (many tongues) (Greek)

Icterine Warbler

Hippolais icterina
Hippolais
From specific name for Icterine Warbler (Linnaeus)
icterina
Jaundice-yellow (Greek)

Family: Locustellidae

Grassbirds & Allies

Savi's Warbler

Locustella luscinioides
Locustella
From specific name for Common Grasshopper Warbler (Latham)
luscinioides
Nightingale-resembling (Latin)

Grasshopper Warbler (Common Grasshopper Warbler)

Locustella naevia
Locustella
From specific name for Common Grasshopper Warbler (Latham)
naevia
Spotted, marked (Latin)

Family: Sylviidae

Sylviid Babblers

Blackcap (Eurasian Blackcap)

Sylvia atricapilla
Sylvia
From specific name of unknown bird, possibly Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
atricapilla
Black-haired (Latin)

Garden Warbler

Sylvia borin
Sylvia
From specific name of unknown bird, possibly Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
borin
Local Genoese name for a type of warbler (Italian)

Barred Warbler

Curruca nisoria
Curruca
From specific name for Lesser Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
nisoria
Sparrowhawk (Latin)

Lesser Whitethroat

Curruca curruca
Curruca
From specific name for Lesser Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
curruca
Unidentified bird mentioned by Juvenal, possibly the Dunnock (Latin)

Whitethroat (Common Whitethroat)

Curruca communis
Curruca
From specific name for Lesser Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
communis
Common (Latin)

Dartford Warbler

Curruca undata
Curruca
From specific name for Lesser Whitethroat (Linnaeus)
undata
Wavy, with wave-like markings (Latin)

Family: Regulidae

Goldcrests, Kinglets

Firecrest (Common Firecrest)

Regulus ignicapilla
Regulus
From specific name for Goldcrest (Linnaeus)
ignicapilla
Fire-capped (Latin)

Goldcrest

Regulus regulus
Regulus
From specific name for Goldcrest (Linnaeus)
regulus
Prince, kinglet (Latin)

Family: Troglodytidae

Wrens

Wren (Eurasian Wren)

Troglodytes troglodytes
Troglodytes
From specific name for Wren (Linnaeus)
troglodytes
Cave-dweller (Greek)

Family: Sittidae

Nuthatches

Nuthatch (Eurasian Nuthatch)

Sitta europaea
Sitta
Bird like a woodpecker mentioned by Aristotle, Callimachus and Hesychius (Greek)
europaea
European (Toponym)

Family: Certhiidae

Treecreepers

Treecreeper (Eurasian Treecreeper)

Certhia familiaris
Certhia
Small bird mentioned by Aristotle, perhaps the treecreeper (Greek)
familiaris
Familiar, friendly (from family, household) (Latin)

Family: Sturnidae

Starlings, Rhabdornises

Rose-coloured Starling (Rosy Starling)

Pastor roseus
Pastor
Shepherd (Latin)
roseus
Rosy (Latin)

Starling (Common Starling)

Sturnus vulgaris
Sturnus
Starling (Latin)
vulgaris
Common (Latin)

Family: Turdidae

Thrushes

Grey-cheeked Thrush

Catharus minimus
Catharus
Pure, clean (derived from Orange-billed Nightingale Thrush) (Greek)
minimus
Smallest (Latin)

Ring Ouzel

Turdus torquatus
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
torquatus
Collared (Latin)

Blackbird (Common Blackbird)

Turdus merula
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
merula
Blackbird (Latin)

Fieldfare

Turdus pilaris
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
pilaris
To deprive of hair (Latin)

Redwing

Turdus iliacus
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
iliacus
Of the flanks (Latin)

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
philomelos
Nightingale (Latin)

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus
Turdus
Thrush (Latin)
viscivorus
Mistletoe-eating (Latin)

Family: Muscicapidae

Chats, Old World Flycatchers

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata
Muscicapa
Fly catcher (Latin)
striata
Striated (Latin)

Robin (European Robin)

Erithacus rubecula
Erithacus
Unknown bird thought to turn into the redstart in summer (Greek)
rubecula
Redbreast or robin (Latin)

Bluethroat

Luscinia svecica
Luscinia
Nightingale (Latin)
svecica
Swedish (Toponym)

Nightingale (Common Nightingale)

Luscinia megarhynchos
Luscinia
Nightingale (Latin)
megarhynchos
Great bill (Greek)

Red-breasted Flycatcher

Ficedula parva
Ficedula
Small fig-eating bord that changed into the Blackcap in winter (Latin)
parva
Small (Latin)

Pied Flycatcher (European Pied Flycatcher)

Ficedula hypoleuca
Ficedula
Small fig-eating bord that changed into the Blackcap in winter (Latin)
hypoleuca
Beneath white (Greek)

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros
Phoenicurus
From specific name for Common Redstart (Linnaeus)
ochruros
Pale yellow tailed (Greek)

Redstart (Common Redstart)

Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Phoenicurus
From specific name for Common Redstart (Linnaeus)
phoenicurus
Crimson-, red-, purple-tailed (Greek)

Rock Thrush (Common Rock Thrush)

Monticola saxatilis
Monticola
Mountain dweller, mountaineer (Latin)
saxatilis
Rock-frequenting (Latin)

Whinchat

Saxicola rubetra
Saxicola
Stone-dweller (Latin)
rubetra
Whinchat (Albin)

Stonechat (European Stonechat)

Saxicola rubicola
Saxicola
Stone-dweller (Latin)
rubicola
Bramble-bush dweller (Latin)

Wheatear (Northern Wheatear)

Oenanthe oenanthe
Oenanthe
From specific name for Northern Wheatear (Linnaeus)
oenanthe
Unidentified bird mentioned by Aristotle, possibly the wheatear (Greek)

Family: Cinclidae

Dippers

Dipper (White-throated Dipper)

Cinclus cinclus
Cinclus
From specific name for White-fronted Dipper (Linnaeus)
cinclus
Small tail-wagging, unidentifed waterside bord mentioned by Aristitle and others (Greek)

Family: Passeridae

Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus
Passer
Sparrow (Latin)
domesticus
Domestic (Latin)

Tree Sparrow (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)

Passer montanus
Passer
Sparrow (Latin)
montanus
Of the mountains (Latin)

Family: Prunellidae

Accentors

Dunnock

Prunella modularis
Prunella
Dunnock (diminutive of brown) (German)
modularis
Melody (Latin)

Family: Motacillidae

Wagtails, Pipits

Yellow Wagtail (Western Yellow Wagtail)

Motacilla flava
Motacilla
Pied wagtail (Latin)
flava
Golden-yellow (Latin)

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea
Motacilla
Pied wagtail (Latin)
cinerea
Ash-grey, ash-coloured (Latin)

Pied Wagtail (White Wagtail)

Motacilla alba
Motacilla
Pied wagtail (Latin)
alba
White, dull white (Latin)

Richard's Pipit

Anthus richardi
Anthus
Smal bird mentioned by Pliny, possibly the Yellow Wagtail (Latin)
richardi
Richard, a French 19th Century collector (Eponym)

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis
Anthus
Smal bird mentioned by Pliny, possibly the Yellow Wagtail (Latin)
pratensis
Of a meadow (Latin)

Tree Pipit

Anthus trivialis
Anthus
Smal bird mentioned by Pliny, possibly the Yellow Wagtail (Latin)
trivialis
Common, of the cross-roads (Latin)

Water Pipit

Anthus spinoletta
Anthus
Smal bird mentioned by Pliny, possibly the Yellow Wagtail (Latin)
spinoletta
Local name for a pipit (Florentine)

Rock Pipit (Eurasian Rock Pipit)

Anthus petrosus
Anthus
Smal bird mentioned by Pliny, possibly the Yellow Wagtail (Latin)
petrosus
Rocky, full of stones (Latin)

Family: Fringillidae

Finches, Euphonias

Chaffinch (Common Chaffinch)

Fringilla coelebs
Fringilla
Finch (Latin)
coelebs
Unmarried, single (Latin)

Brambling

Fringilla montifringilla
Fringilla
Finch (Latin)
montifringilla
Mountain finch, brambling (Latin)

Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Coccothraustes
From specific name for Hawfinch (Linnaeus)
coccothraustes
Seedbreaker (Greek)

Bullfinch (Eurasian Bullfinch)

Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Pyrrhula
From specific name for Northern Bullfinch (Linnaeus)
pyrrhula
Worm-eating bird metioned by Aristotle, probably the robin or bullfinch (Greek)

Common Rosefinch

Carpodacus erythrinus
Carpodacus
Fruit biter (Greek)
erythrinus
Red (Latin)

Greenfinch (European Greenfinch)

Chloris chloris
Chloris
From specific name for European Greenfinch (Linnaeus)
chloris
Greenfinch (Greek)

Twite

Linaria flavirostris
Linaria
From specific name for Mealy Redpoll (Linnaeus)
flavirostris
Yellow-billed (Latin)

Linnet (Common Linnet)

Linaria cannabina
Linaria
From specific name for Mealy Redpoll (Linnaeus)
cannabina
Made of hemp (Latin)

Lesser Redpoll

Acanthis cabaret
Acanthis
Small bird mentioned by Aristotle, probably some sort of finch. (Greek)
cabaret
Type of finch (French)

Arctic Redpoll

Acanthis hornemanni
Acanthis
Small bird mentioned by Aristotle, probably some sort of finch. (Greek)
hornemanni
Jens Hornemann, 19th Century Danish botanist (Eponym)

Parrot Crossbill

Loxia pytyopsittacus
Loxia
Crosswise, slanting (Greek)
pytyopsittacus
Pine-tree parrot (Greek)

Crossbill (Red Crossbill)

Loxia curvirostra
Loxia
Crosswise, slanting (Greek)
curvirostra
Curve-billed (Latin)

Two-barred Crossbill

Loxia leucoptera
Loxia
Crosswise, slanting (Greek)
leucoptera
White-winged (Greek)

Goldfinch (European Goldfinch)

Carduelis carduelis
Carduelis
From specific name for European Goldfinch (Linnaeus)
carduelis
Goldfinch (Latin)

Serin (European Serin)

Serinus serinus
Serinus
From specific name for European Serin (Linnaeus)
serinus
Canary, serin (French)

Siskin (Eurasian Siskin)

Spinus spinus
Spinus
From specific name for Eurasian Siskin (Linnaeus)
spinus
Unidentified bird mentioned by Aristotle and others (Greek)

Family: Calcariidae

Longspurs, Snow Buntings

Snow Bunting

Plectrophenax nivalis
Plectrophenax
From genus for bunting plus imposter (Greek)
nivalis
Snowy, snow white (Latin)

Family: Emberizidae

Buntings

Corn Bunting

Emberiza calandra
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
calandra
Lark (Greek)

Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
citrinella
Name for small yellow bird (Italian)

Ortolan Bunting

Emberiza hortulana
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
hortulana
Ortolan Bunting (Italian)

Cirl Bunting

Emberiza cirlus
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
cirlus
Local name for a type of bunting (Italian)

Little Bunting

Emberiza pusilla
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
pusilla
Tiny (Latin)

Rustic Bunting

Emberiza rustica
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
rustica
Rural, rustic, plain, simple (Latin)

Reed Bunting (Common Reed Bunting)

Emberiza schoeniclus
Emberiza
Bunting (Old German)
schoeniclus
Small waterside bird mentioned by Aristotle (Greek)